Marijuana has for a long time been cultivated outdoors and is among the oldest agricultural crops in the world. Before the 20th-century, Marijuana products were used for lamp oil, nautical usage, paper, food and medicine for treatment of diseases.
In the United States, the growing of Marijuana indoors started after illegalization by Congress in the 1930s. To avoid getting caught by the law, most growers today have been planting and caring for marijuana plants indoors. The number of plants indoor usually depends on the space available for indoor growth.
Though the initial purpose of indoor growth was to avoid arrest and prosecution, Marijuana farmers now have even more reasons to keep growing indoors, and those who live in States where Marijuana has been legalized would still prefer the indoor growth for the same reasons.
The great quality of indoor grown Marijuana is attributed to controlled growing conditions that enhance fast-breeding resulting in excellent strains with amazing flavor. Weed smokers agree that Marijuana grown indoors is potent enough to provide the best hit, taste, and aesthetic aroma.
Growing weed indoors enables the grower to increase the levels of CO2 which promotes bud growth and production of THC levels that is not easy to achieve in outdoor growing conditions. A marijuana plant growing in the field just like any other ordinary plant has to deal with natural elements such as strong wind and rain that can easily cause damage to the buds, leaves, and flowers. Indoor growers do not have to worry about any adverse natural conditions that could hinder the proper growth of their plant.
The cost of growing Marijuana indoors is less as compared to outdoor growth. Operating the system of indoor climate is cheap while, majority of the outdoor cost is linked to the operation startup.
The cost of labor also varies between the outdoor and indoor growth of Marijuana. There is always working when it comes to indoor growth and this, therefore, demands a continuous turnover.
A farmer practicing indoor growth works more often on watering, feeding, and harvesting. Constant work needed indoors may seem incomparable to the smaller yields at the end. Outdoor growers of Marijuana need only to work on a single crop during the entire season. Most fields require about 5 employees on a full-time basis and about 3 to 4 more during the harvest period. If the farming is large scale, the number of employees would rise.
Even though there is a continuous demand for labor, the indoor growth of Marijuana allows the farmers to develop strains that would not prevail in their local outdoor climate and weather patterns. The most important advantage that indoor growth has over outdoor growth is the ability to exercise freedom and control on natural climates. Indoor farmers have complete control over the growing environment and can adjust temperature, humidity, the source of light, and production of CO2 in order to create optimum conditions required for proper plant growth.
The high THC percentage levels are associated with the efficiency of the indoor growing environment. On one hand, the outdoor growth of Marijuana requires the environment to be suitable for growth otherwise, the plant will not reach the harvesting stage and if it does, poor yield could be realized. Furthermore, outdoor farmers are usually faced with the challenge of selecting a suitable location with appropriate growing conditions whereas the indoor growers can create them
Some farmers have embraced the new technique of growing marijuana in a greenhouse and this is forming a great balance between the indoor and outdoor methods of weed growth. The greenhouse method is giving excellent results in the marijuana growing industry and is also becoming popular among farmers. Outdoor, indoor and any other known method of Marijuana growth has both negative and positive sides. Therefore, there is the need for growers to keep on learning and be ready to venture into new styles that could give even better results.